The Basics of Gardening

What are the basics of gardening

First, plants need water, sunshine, fertile soil, and strong winds to survive. When buying a plant, its tag will show its growing zone. The lower the number, the more cold-tolerant the plant is. American and Canadian zones are slightly different. You should plant a plant that suits its growing zone. Generally, the best plants for your region are in the lower zones. In general, the lower the site, the more cold-tolerant it is.

Plants need sunlight

To grow a beautiful flower, you must ensure that your plant gets the proper sunlight to thrive. You can find the sunlight requirement of a specific plant on its label. Aim to get the correct amount of sun to avoid the risk of scorching your plant. Part-sun plants will do better in the morning sun, while full-sun plants prefer the afternoon sun. Ideally, they should get at least six hours of direct sunlight daily.

If you’re planting a flowering plant, it’s essential to place it in the morning or late afternoon. The midday sun is the strongest. Most plants prefer morning or late afternoon sun, while shade-loving plants need more midday sun. In a temperate climate, the sun’s rays are strongest from 11 am to 3 pm. But in a peaceful region, plants that thrive in the shade can tolerate more sunlight.

If you’re planting a flowering plant in a hot spot, you may want to cover it with a canopy to protect it from the midday heat. While this can be a problem for some plants, most can tolerate six to eight hours of full sun, provided they get proper moisture. If you’re planting an herb or vegetable garden, you should plant it in a spot with at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight per day.

Another good way to tell whether your plant is getting enough sunlight is to observe its growth. You can follow its change over time. Watch for the leaves to become leggy and petite. If they don’t get enough light, their leaves will drop off, and the plant will grow leggy and few new ones. If you want to see if your plant is getting the right amount of sunlight, you can plant it in several different areas.

They need water

While there is no simple answer to the question “Do plants need water?” many factors affect the amount of water plants need. Several studies at the University of Georgia and the University of Maine have shown that many plants require much less water than the average gardener. Specifically, petunias in four-inch pots needed about half a gallon of water weekly, while succulents required less than half that amount.

They need fertile soil.

To grow healthy plants, people need to cultivate nutrient-rich soil. Healthy soil contains a balance of minerals, organic matter, and helpful insects and microorganisms. For example, earthworms can add organic matter to the ground by aerating it. In addition, earthworms also provide manure to the soil. Soil that is too acidic or alkaline will need to be remediated with sulfur or ground limestone.

Fertile soil is ideal for growing healthy plants. Fertile soil is pale and lacks moisture. Poor soil can occur almost anywhere. Other factors that damage the soil’s fertility include over-farming, erosion, and pesticide use. Some grounds may also have low pH levels, which prevent plants from absorbing nutrients. Cacti thrive in a sandy desert, while sand and clay soils are best for various plants.

A healthy garden begins with good garden soil. Healthy soil has sufficient nutrients and is loose enough to promote root growth. The earth also has a balanced ecosystem of organisms. The soil organisms make available nutrients and binding particles into aggregates. These organisms include earthworms, nematodes, springtails, bacteria, and protozoa. Healthy soil also contains a thriving population of worms.

They need strong winds.

If you are growing plants in containers, you probably know how stressful strong winds can be for them. Plants close their leaf pores to conserve water, reducing their breathing ability and making wind a real hindrance. In addition to stressing plants, wind physically damages them, meaning you may lose flowers and leaves. It can be incredibly tempting to drag your plants inside, tie them up, and change your watering habits to ensure that your plants remain healthy.

However, there are ways to minimize the breeze entering your garden. Tall buildings can channel and concentrate the wind, increasing the speed. Moreover, high walls and fences can block the wind or create dangerous eddies that can destroy plants. Here are a few tips to help you avoid wind damage in your garden. Like other plants, you should be ready to adapt to your garden’s conditions.

When designing your garden, consider the location and time of year when strong winds occur. In a coastal area, strong winds may blow off leaves, break stems, and cause soil erosion. While there are no specific rules about the frequency of strong winds in your area, it’s worth knowing that high winds are common in some locations. If you live in a room with high winds, monitor the weather forecast in advance to plan your garden accordingly.

You can try constructing a windbreak if you live in a place with strong winds. Windbreaks are made of trees and shrubs that will filter 40 to 30 percent of the wind. However, keep in mind that windbreaks can also ruin your view and cause shade. If you don’t want to build a windbreak, you can try planting shrubs or trees on the higher levels of your garden.